Clinical and Analytical Evaluation of the Anyplex II HPV HR Detection Assay within the VALGENT-3 Framework

A. Oštrbenk, L. Xu, M. Arbyn, M. Poljak

In 2012, VALidation of human papillomavirus (HPV) GENotyping Tests (VALGENT) was initiated to provide a formalized and uniform study framework for comparison and validation of HPV assays with genotyping capability. In VALGENT-3, the clinical and analytical performance of Anyplex II HPV HR detection (Anyplex) was compared to that of the Hybrid Capture 2 HPV DNA test (hc2) and the cobas 4800 HPV test (cobas). The panel comprises 1,300 stored samples that were obtained from women 25 to 64 years old who participated in the Slovenian cancer screening program, enriched with 300 samples from women with abnormal cervical cytology. The sensitivity and specificity of Anyplex were noninferior to those of hc2, with a relative sensitivity of 1.01 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.97 to 1.04) for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 or worse (CIN2+) and 1.01 (95% CI, 0.97 to 1.06) for CIN3+ and relative specificity of 1.02 (95% CI, 1.00 to 1.03) for a CIN grade of ≤1. The clinical sensitivity of Anyplex for CIN2+ and CIN3+ was comparable to that of hc2 (P values for McNemar test [p McN] of 0.655 and 0.564, respectively), but its specificity was significantly higher (p McN = 0.008). The sensitivity and specificity of Anyplex were also noninferior to those of cobas, with relative sensitivity of 1.01 (95% CI, 0.98 to 1.04) for CIN2+ and 1.01 (95% CI, 0.99 to 1.04) for CIN3+ and relative specificity of 1.00 (95% CI, 0.99 to 1.01) (p McN value of >0.05 in all cases). Regardless of the clinical outcome (CIN2+ or CIN3+), age restriction (women ≥30 years old), or comparator test used, Anyplex consistently showed excellent clinical performance and can be considered validated for primary cervical cancer screening.